Physical Education Curriculum Information
Physical Education classes at Cortina are based in large part on the ‘Dynamic Physical Education’ model of curriculum by Robert Pangrazi. Also, there are components of the curriculum which are derived from the ‘S.P.A.R.K Physical Education’ model of curriculum. The lessons taught follow a basic four-part structure:
1. Introductory Activity- This initial part of the lesson helps students become physiologically prepared for physical activity after entering the gymnasium. Here, the students in lower grades K-2 develop the following 8 basic locomotor skills: hopping, skipping, jumping, running, walking, sliding, leaping, and galloping. Grades 3-5 will also develop running skills and self-monitoring of their ‘pace’ to increase how long they can run.
2. Fitness Development Activity- This step helps to make students familiar with various types of physical fitness as well as develop positive attitudes towards physical fitness.
3. Lesson Focus Activities- The purpose of these Lesson Focus Activities is to teach National P.E. Standards and lesson instructional objectives. These activities are organized into units of activities. These activities vary depending upon the developmental level of the children. The activities are taught in a progression from the easiest activity to the most challenging. This helps to assure student success from the outset and lessen frustration.
4.Closing Activity- The closing activity is taught during the last 5-7 minutes of class. The main purpose is to help the children feel positive about their P.E. experience. Usually, there is a less strenuous physical activity or game if the Lesson Focus was more physically demanding.
Class activities are broken into two types: Health related ( development of muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, locomotor and non-locomotor skills) and Skill Related (development of manipulative and sports related skills).